Forecast of supply and demand trend of glass indus

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Forecast of supply and demand trend of the glass industry this year and next it is reported that according to the analysis of the economic operation of the glass industry in 2001 and the change trend of supply and demand in the glass market in the next few years, the trend of total supply exceeding demand, price decline and benefit decline in the glass industry this year and next will continue. The main basis is:

the production capacity increases too fast. In 1999, in 2000, only 7 float glass production lines were put into operation, increasing the production capacity by 17.25 million heavy boxes. In 2001, 15 float glass production lines were put into operation, and the new float glass production capacity was about 31.4 million heavy boxes. By the end of 2001, 82 float glass production lines had been put into operation nationwide, and the actual production capacity had exceeded 170million heavy boxes; In addition, the total production capacity of the vertical glass has exceeded 240million heavy containers. Some of the 16 production lines under construction and preparation will be put into operation within 1 to 2 years. In 2002 and 2003, the glass output will maintain a growth rate of more than 10%

the increment of domestic market is limited. In 2000, the national glass output was 182million heavy containers, and the domestic market demand was 170million heavy containers. With some exports, the production and sales were basically balanced. In 2001, the output of glass was 204million heavy boxes, the domestic market demand was 175million heavy boxes, the export of flat glass was 14million heavy boxes, and the inventory at the end of the year was 15million heavy boxes, showing a trend of supply exceeding demand. According to the analysis of the Tenth Five Year Plan for the development of construction, transportation, electronic information and other related industries, the demand for glass in the whole society was 193 ~ 210 million heavy containers in 2002 and 207 ~ 226million heavy containers in 2003. Even if all regions no longer produce new float glass from now on and adopt strengthened thermoplastics and ultra-fine magnetic particle lines, whether there is noise this year or next, there will still be a surplus of production capacity of 15 ~ 20million heavy boxes in two years

excess production in the international market. In 2001, the world output of flat glass was about 33.1 million tons (662million heavy containers). Europe accounts for 32%, North America 23%, China 31%, Japan 11%, Africa and the Middle East 3%. Osteoporosis causes about 8.9 million cases of fracture every year 9 ~ 2001 the annual average growth rate of world glass production was 2.5%. Affected by the world economic recession, the growth rate in 2002 is expected to be between 1.8% and 2.0%. Since the end of 1999, the international glass market has witnessed a phenomenon of oversupply and fierce market competition. By the end of 2001, the price had dropped by about 5%. In 2001, the international glass market trade volume was about 105million heavy containers, of which 80% of the market share was monopolized by five multinational Glass Companies in Japan, Britain, the United States and France. At the same time, the five major companies also controlled the glass and its deep processing production capacity, which accounted for 61% of the total global glass volume. In addition to the markets in Africa and the Middle East, it is very difficult for domestic enterprises to further develop export markets

unreasonable product structure. In 2001, the proportion of high-quality float glass in the total domestic glass volume was only 12%, which was far from meeting the market demand for high-quality float glass. In the whole year, 24.47 million square meters of flat glass were imported. With the rapid development of construction, automobile, electronic information and other related industries, there will be more and more demand for high-grade and high-quality float glass. In 2001, the import of insulating glass for high-grade buildings and laminated tempered glass for vehicles increased by 49% and 150% respectively over the previous year. It shows that the demand for high-grade, high-quality and deep processed glass is increasing, and there is still a certain gap in the market; Medium and low grade ordinary float glass is seriously oversupplied due to the concentration of new lines

to sum up, due to unreasonable repeated construction, the existing production capacity of flat glass has exceeded the needs of domestic and foreign markets, especially the supply of ordinary float glass has seriously exceeded the demand. During the Tenth Five Year Plan period, in addition to the high-quality float glass projects that improve the variety structure and fill the gap in the domestic market, the investment in the ordinary float glass production line will face greater risks

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